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FDA activities

2015

Earthquake, Nepal/China/Indien/Bangladesh

Summary will follow
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2014

Typhoon 'Rammasun', Philippines/China/Vietnam

  Summary will follow
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2013

Supertyphoon 'Haiyan/Yolanda', Philippines

  The category 5 typhoon made landfall near Guiuan on Eastern Samar at 07.11 at 20:40 UTC and hit with the strongest landfall wind speeds ever observed. Previously, the typhoon had hit the small nation of Palau causing some damage. Wind gust speeds reached a predicted 380 kph shortly before impact.The warm sea water and low wind shear has contributed to the maximum intensity of this typhoon before landfall. The central pressure was estimated 885 hPa (according Joint Typhoon Warning Center), which makes it only the 5th in 25 years in the Western Pacific to do so (Megi 2010, Flo 1990, Ruth 1991, Yuri 1991). The wind speeds have dropped significantly to around 150 kph approaching Vietnam and Southern China (Hainan). Typhoon dissipated 11.11. over China.
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Supercyclon 'Phailin', India

  At the beginning of the second decade of October 2013 a very strong cyclone developed over the Bay of Bengal. Super cyclone 02B Phailin showed average wind speeds of up to 259 km/h making the storm a category 5 cyclone, the highest category according to the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale. Phailin became one of the strongest tropical cyclones ever recorded over the North Indian Ocean. Phailins track led towards the northeast of India, where the tropical cyclone in the federal state of Odisha made landfall and caused enormous damage.
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June Flood 2013, Central Europe

   Long periods of heavy rain, together with a unfavorable conditions, have caused the large-scale floods in Central Europe. This event has already exceeded in its extent the August 2002 flood and the summer flood of July 1954.
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2012

Hurricane 'Sandy', Northamerica

From 25th October on, Hurricane "Sandy" first moved over the Caribbean and then turned in northern direction towards the East Coast of the U.S. and made landfall in New Jersey in the night from 29th to 30th October 2012. CEDIM investigates Hurricane Sandy and its impacts in a near-real time Forensic Disaster Analysis integrating the expertise of CEDIM researchers from various scientific disciplines: Meteorology, Hydrology, Engineering, Geography, Economics, Social Sciences.
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Drought U.S.

CEDIM analyzes the drought and record temperatures in the U.S. in spring and summer 2012 and the impact of the drought. CEDIM researchers from different scientific disciplines contribute to the forensic analyses. A first report focusing on meteorological aspects of the drought and heat was released end of August 2012. An updated and extended report focusing also on possible loss and social vulnerability was released on Sepember 24, 2012.
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Taifun 'Saola', Philippines and Taiwan

Extensive flooding, landslides, more than 30 fatalities, many injuries, thousands of homeless people – this is the result (first estimation) of the tropical cyclone (TC) Saola that crossed first over the Philippines and afterwards over Taiwan in the period from 28 July to 3 August 2012. TC Saola moved very slowly over Taiwan, leading to extreme precipitation totals in excess of 1000 mm in 48 h at some stations. The track of Saola including the huge precipitation totals were not properly predicted by the weather forecast models.
Report as PDF

Earthquake sequenze, Italy

Two series of strong earthquakes hit the Emilia-Romagna region in northern Italy starting on Sunday, 20.5.2012 and on Tuesday 29.5.2012 respectively, affecting mostly the provinces of Ferrara, Bologna, Modena and Reggio nell'Emilia. The largest event had a moment magnitude of 6.1 and occurred on 20.5.2012 at 4:04 a.m. local time (GEOFON, see GFZ). It was followed by several aftershocks, two having a magnitude of more than 5. The main shock of the second series, having a magnitude of 5.8, happened on 29.5.2012 at 9:00 a.m. and was also followed by two events of more than magnitude 5 on the same day.
Report as PDF

2011

Van-Earthquake, Eastern Turkey

The M7.2 Van Earthquake (Eastern Turkey) of 23 Oct. 2011 served as a first example for a forensic approach. Our team consisted of a seismologist, three engineers, a social scientist, an economist, and a meteorologist. Four reports have been produced: immediately after the event on the situation (24.10), a situation up-date (25.10), one addressing shelter issues, in comparison to previous Eastern Turkish Earthquakes (26.10), and a comprehensive overview report (02.11).
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Tohoko-Oki (Honschu) Erdbeben, Japan

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