- CEDIM Report Nr. 1; Stand: 30.07.2014, 12:00 GMT
|Official Disaster Name||Date||Landfall UTC||Local||Duration (PHL)|
|Rammasun (Glenda, Philippines)||15/17-07||07:00||+8||12 hours|
|Rammasun (China, Vietnam)||18/19/20-07||06:30||+8||12 hours|
Preferred Hazard Information
|Path||Speed||Definition||Width (km)||Gust (Peak)||Landfall||Sustained|
|WNW (Philippines)||20kph||Category 3 (15/7)
Category 1 (16/7)
|Max: 150||125 kt
|NW (China, Vietnam)||20kph||Category 4 (18/7),
max. Intensity 06 UTC
area: 220 km
|Country||ISO||Provinces/Regions||Most Impact||Economic Exposure||HDI (2012)||Urbanity||Pop. affected|
|Philippines||PH||Samar, Masbate, Luzon, Mindoro||Not applicable||0.654||55%||ca. 2 million|
|Vietnam, China||CN and
|Hainan (incl. capital city Haikou), southern Guangdong (Leizhou Peninsula), south-eastern Guangxi||$321.1 billion
|0.617||Hanoi Area >10 million, Haikou 3.8 million
40.5 million people potentially affected
Vulnerability and Exposure Metrics (Population, Infrastructure, Economic)
Preferred Hazard Information Description
|Philippines||China (Hainan and Guangdong)||Guangxi and Northern Vietnam|
|Category 1-3||Category 4||Category 2-3|
|On 15/16 July
On 18 July
Satellite image on 16 July 2014, 08:00 UTC; credit: digital-typhoon.org
Radar image on 18 July 2014, 06:40 UTC; credit: weather.com.cn
What have been the largest comparable damaging events (Philippines) in the past?
|Date - Name||Impact Size (1min sustained)||Location||Fatalities||Economic loss in Philippines|
|2013 Haiyan||Typhoon (315 kph)||Leyte, Samar, Tacloban||6340 (confirmed)||$9-17b USD (CEDIM estimate)|
|2012 Bopha||Typhoon (280 kph)||Southern PH||1146, 834 missing||$1.04b USD (42b PHP)|
|1990 Mike||Typhoon (280 kph)||Central PH||748||$879m USD (2013 adj.)|
|1995 Angela||Typhoon (150-170 kph)||Manila||936||$315m USD (1995 unadj.)|
Impact on Transportation System and Lifelines
Typhoon Rammasun has some minor impacts on transportation systems in the region:
- As of 16 July 2014, 06:00 pm, a total amount of 165 domestic and 89 international flights have been cancelled due to bad weather conditions.
- As of 17 July 2014, 06:00 am, a total of 1,193 passengers, 23 vessels, 176 rolling cargoes and 15 motor bancas were stranded at the ports.
- As of 17 July 2014, 06:00 am, 19 roads and 3 bridges in Philippine regions III, IV-A, IV-B, V and VIII were rendered impassable due to incurred damage and flooding.
- As of 17 July 2014, 06:00 am, 84% of the Metro Manila has been restored.
Typhoon Rammasun caused damage to lifelines:
- A total of 4 Provinces in Region V (Camarines Norte, Masbate and Albay), four provinces in Rregion IV-A (Cavite, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon) and sixty-five municipalities/city in Regions III, IV-A, IV-B, V, VIII and NCR reported power interruption since 15 July 2014
- As of 17 July 2014, 06:00 am, there are no reported damages to electricity generation facilities in Southern Luzon.
(Updated storm track and information on a daily routine)
Track forecast of “Rammasun” 18 July, 01 UTC – 20 July, 01 UTC; credit: weather.com.cn
(Insured) Loss Estimates:
First estimate of potential exposed stock losses:
In the Philippines (as of 18 July):
- 882,326 persons affected, thereof 525,791 persons displaced and served inside 1,200 evacuation centers
- 26,259 houses damaged (7,002 totally, 19,257 partially)
- 54 death, 100 injured people, 3 missing
Cost of damage:
- INFRASTRUCTURE: A total of PhP 892,011,600 ($20.5 million USD) damage to infrastructure was reported in Regions III, V, VIII and NCR
- AGRICULTURE: a total of PHP4,529,620,307 ($104 million USD) damage to rice, corn, high valued cash crops (HVCC), livestock and agricultural facilities was reported in Regions III, IV-B, V and CAR
In China and Vietnam:
- Typical 13-14 (42-46m/s) scale approaching 15-16 (50-55m/s) have had 0.5-2% damage ratios in the past over the central part going over the coast before dissipating over land.
- The total exposed value is $321.1 billion USD, or approx. $563 billion USD PPP.
- For reconstruction capital stock multiply by 1.5-1.9 depending on the location, given a huge difference in building typologies across the region.
- Preliminary capital stock losses could be in the order of at least $7-18 billion USD (reconstruction therefore 1.5-1.9 times this) given the track and exposure using present speeds, and expected flooding.
- approx. $4.2 billion USD direct losses
- First guess direct losses in Haikou: $1.5 billion USD (government)
- Over $2.5 billion counted so far, but expected to increase further
- Guangxi: 209,100 people evacuated, 125,700 in need of livelihood assistance. 822 houses collapsed, 872 houses with severe damage, 23,809 houses with some damage. ca $250 million USD losses
- Guangdong: 119,000 people evacuated or need emergency life rescue, nearly 20,000 rooms collapsed or damaged. Crop area affected 796,200 hectares, on Leizhou Peninsula large areas of bananas, sugar cane and other crops destroyed.
This summary report was produced in conjunction with the CATDAT database, earthquake-report.com, and wettergefahren-fruehwarnung.de and with information from NDRRMC, JTWC data and the Chinese National Weather Service. http://www.ndrrmc.gov.ph/attachments/article/1293/Effects_of_Typhoon_Glenda_%28RAMMASUN%29_Final_Report_16SEP2014.pdf