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Crisis management for large-area power blackouts – the example of Baden-Württemberg

Crisis management for large-area power blackouts – the example of Baden-Württemberg
contact:

Prof. F. Schultmann (frank.schultmann@kit.edu, +49 (0) 721 608 4569)
Dr. Tina Comes (comes@kit.edu, +49 (0) 721 608 44410)
Mirjam Merz (mirjam.merz@kit.edu, +49 (0) 721 608 4578)
Christian Trinks (christian.trinks@kit.edu, +49 (0) 721 608 4565)

project group:Natural Risks in a Changing Climate

Project Duration:

January 2008 — September 2009

Project Partners:

Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance (BBK)
Ministry of the Interior Baden-Württemberg
Ministry of Economics Baden-Württemberg
Energie Baden-Württemberg AG (EnBW AG) (Financing)

Background

The power blackouts in the United States in 2003 and the outage event 2005 in North-Western Germany have shown that even in highly developed and industrialised countries large area power blackout can occur due to several reasons. However, reliable electricity supply is important for the functioning of a modern society. Thus, power supply is one of the so called critical infrastructures (CI). Due to the complex structure of the supply system and interdependencies with many other critical infrastructures, failures in and interruptions of the power supply networks may cause (cascading) impacts in households, administration and industry.

In industrial companies especially long lasting power outages may cause considerable economic impacts, since blackout induced business interruptions can propagate through complex and often globally interlaced supply chains.

Recent power blackouts and crisis management exercises with outage scenarios showed that in order to reduce the impacts of power blackouts an integrated and well structured crisis management is necessary. Here, the cooperation of public authorities and private institutions (e.g. industrial companies, private healthcare facilities) plays an important role. Due to the different structures of these institutions especially the structured exchange of information and a smooth communication constitute challenging tasks.

Objective

Main aim of the project was the development of a crisis management handbook which supports strategic as well as operational decision making. Potential users of this handbook are for example public authorities, operators of critical infrastructures, industrial companies and other affected institutions. The handbook contains background information, detailed impact analysis and checklists for coping measures in four social sectors (healthcare, industry, supply and disposal, communication).

Results of the 2004 national crisis management exercise LÜKEX (“Länderübergreifende Krisenmanagement Übung”) have been the starting point of the handbook development, since the exercise showed the main impacts of power blackouts and pointed out major weaknesses. Furthermore the exercise revealed the potential for improvement regarding the cooperation of the different stakeholders involved in the crisis management process in the event of power blackouts.

The crisis management handbook has been edited by the Ministry of the Interior in Baden-Württemberg and the Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance (BBK). A short version of the handbook is provided by BBK.

Publikationen

Hiete, M., M. Merz, Ch. Trinks, W. Grambs, T. Thiede   Krisenhandbuch Stromausfall Baden-Württemberg - Krisenmanagement bei einer großflächigen Unterbrechung der Stromversorgung am Beispiel Baden-Württemberg   Ministry of the Interior of Baden-Württemberg and Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance (BBK) (Edts.) (2010).    
Merz, M., Hiete, M. and Bertsch, V.   Multicriteria decision support for business continuity planning in the event of critical infrastructure disruptions.   Int. J. of Critical Infrastructures, Vol. 5, Nos. 1/2, pp 156-174 (2009)    
Hiete, M., Merz, M. & Schultmann, F.   Scenario-based impact assessment of a power blackout on healthcare facilities in Germany.   International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, Vol. 2, pp. 222-244    
Hiete, M., Merz, M. & Schultmann, F.   Critical Infrastructure Protection in Germany: Accounting for Inter-infrastructure Dependencies and Facilitating Public-Private Cooperation.   The CIP Report, Center for Infrastructure Protection and Homeland Security, 9(2), pp. 18-22 (2011)    
Hiete, M. & M. Merz   Krisenmanagement bei einer großflächigen Unterbrechung der Stromversorgung am Beispiel Baden-Württemberg   VWEW-Fachtagung Effektives Störungs- und Krisenmanagement in EVU Erfahrungen, Strategien, Maßnahmen 8./9. April 2008, Fulda, (2008)    
Hiete, M. and Merz, M.   Critical Infrastructure and Industrial Supply Chains.   European CIIP Newsletter, 4 (3), pp. 24-26 (2008)    
Merz, M., Hiete M. and Bertsch V.   Management of Critical Infrastructure Disruptions in Industrial Supply Chains.   Proceedings IDRC 2008, 25.-29.08.2008 in Davos, Schweiz, pp. 416-419 (2008)    
Merz, M., Geldermann, J., Bertsch, V., Läpke, D. and Rentz, O.   Decision Support For Crisis Management by Large-Scale Exercises.   Proceedings of the 14th Annual Conference of the International Emergency Management Society (TIEMS), 147-157 (2007)